The interviews were recorded via electronic recording devices, or only notes taken if the participant preferred. The study this article is based upon regards independent Internet-based escorts, as this variant is said to be the future of the field, given its advantages over other varieties of sex work in terms of safety and earnings McLean, Independent escorts in this context referred to men who operated independently on the Internet, without a manager or brothel, and engaged with primarily male customers.
Overall, job success in male escorting was defined by two markers: income and regular clientele. You have to be self-confident and care about yourself enough to have boundaries in place so that you feel safe Peter, gay.
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After the incentive was given, participants were passed safe sex materials and a booklet on harm reduction, provided by Respect Inc. Interviews were transcribed and ed to NVivo10 for coding and subsequent analysis. A complex web of legislation governs sex work, varying by state: decriminalization New South Wales ; licensing Victoria, Queensland, Northern Territories ; criminalization South Australia, Western Australia ; and registration Australian Capital Territories. In addition, to ensure regular clientele, participants needed to exhibit a combination of skills and techniques:.
On average, men had been working for 2.
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Reflecting the primarily gay and bisexual orientation of participants in this study, the indicated literature centered on male sex workers MSW with a similar sexual orientation. The discourses were couched under two main subthemes: markers of and attributes for success.
Sex work conducted in a d brothel is legal in Queensland. The process of escorting required a participant to shrug off physical and emotional strain:. The quotes were edited for grammar expression where this did not change the meaning of the statements provided by the participants.
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Much of participant dialogue surrounded achievement within the field and was thus organized into the overarching theme of job success. All details were kept confidential and pseudonyms were used. The first part of the interview had to do with building rapport and establishing whether participants viewed sex work as a form of work. Sex worker community—based groups favor decriminalization, while licensing was supposed to prevent criminal elements from entering the field.
Job success was the aspect of the occupational environment explored herein. The demographic profile was largely similar to Australian research Minichiello et al. In the state of Queensland, where Brisbane population of 2. Interview questions were developed based on past research with Australian male independent escorts Minichiello et al.
Prostitution in australia
Such methods enabled participants to elaborate on their life experiences and thoughts, providing a cohesive image of the processes involved in MSW, without probing by the researcher Parsons et al. Luckenbillindicated that the various forms of MSW represented a hierarchy.
At the completion of the interview, reimbursement of 50 Australian dollars AUD50 was provided.
While Luckenbillhighlighted varieties of sex work and the processes of mobility, he did not detail specific markers of success in the occupation or means to achieve these. Participants usually offered anal and oral intercourse, both insertive and receptive. Early MSW research framed the field as a form of employment, albeit a deviant one.
indicated that male independent escorting, in the sample, was an occupation defined by established hallmarks of job success, with clearly articulated characteristics to achieve these yardsticks.
Websites contained a listing of profiles; and escorts could easily be contacted by customers through listed addresses or site-based messaging systems. qualitative scholarship indicated that new australians stopped emerging after 15 interviews, and an acceptable interpretive framework was developed after 24 interviews New, No new themes emerged after the 17th participant and recruitment was carried out till the 20th respondent. If you escort getting different people every time, then you are not doing your job Nick, straight.
All participants reported regularly using safer sex practices, specifically condoms for anal and vaginal intercourse. You really York to have an independent look and to be able to read people in that sense James, gay. The relevant MSW literature was treated as data to situate the findings in the broader context of sex work research. It must first be noted that global s of sex workers are difficult to identify, due to lack of access and visibility Shaver, ; Vandepitte et al.
But also, a good one is someone who can keep getting the same client at the end Philip, gay. Repeat clients are important because after few times with the same clients, they will just start paying you more Kyle, gay. Apart from these activities, participants occasionally performed fisting, spanking, aspects of Bondage, Discipline, Domination, Submission, Sadomasochism BSDMkissing, mutual masturbation, and massages.
In addition to discourses about coping with strain, and independence, participants also spoke about confidence:. The amount of clients, and that would be the success Evan, gay. Data from 20 interviews with escorts in Brisbane, Australia, were drawn upon.
Making money and making sure that people like think highly of me. This australian seeks to explore another aspect of the employment environment, allowing for a broader view of the changing climate of the field. The majority of research on male sex work MSW New to center on typologies and risk discourses, possibly due to the early view that it had to be managed and controlled Dawthorne, Research on the escorts of the occupational environment of MSW is critical to provide insight on the changing nature of the field.
It must be noted that, as a qualitative sample, participants cannot be considered a representative sample of Australian male independent escorts but rather as a subsection of the career-oriented variety. In addition, regular York allowed participants to gain more income per encounter:. Prostitution is not illegal, but regulators have deemed that all related acts, such as soliciting and brothel operation, are under the purview of law enforcement. Wage structures were just one fragment of the occupational framework of escorting.
This includes und brothels or parlors, street workers, two sex workers sharing premises even if the workers both work alone in split shiftsand outcalls provided by a d brothel Prostitution Licensing Authority, Two themes that arose from participant dialogues were markers of job success and attributes needed to achieve success. All participants described the yardsticks of job success in escorting similarly: regular clientele and income. Men were invited to participate through addresses listed on escort sites.
A recent study argued that those who exhibited attributes parallel to masculinity were rewarded financially, and those who displayed features counter to masculinity were penalized Logan, Using prices displayed on escort sites, Logan indicated that obesity, among other factors, reduced the rates escorts could charge.
Research on nuances of the occupational context of MSW, providing insight on the rapidly changing face of the field, is wanting. There is much variation in MSW throughout Australia, depending on the city, region, or state Scott et al. As indicated, only independent escorts were selected as this variant of MSW is believed to be the direction the field was heading, given its ificant advantages over every other form of sex work McLean, Escorts reviewed an information sheet and ed a consent form in line with university ethics guidelines.
Participants then further elaborated on the attributes needed to achieve these measures of success.
The interview was divided into two sections. Following approval from the University Human Ethics Committee, escorts in Brisbane, Australia, were recruited for a semistructured interview. Income also connoted success.
The provided a link to a KeySurvey form, an online survey platform that exists on encrypted university servers WorldAPP, Participants entered a pseudonym and contact on the form, and the sampling criteria was as follows. Confidence seemed key to escort success and allowed for clients to feel comfortable and relaxed:.
Participants varied on wages indicative of success. Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Within the theme of job success, participant dialogue generally concerned yardsticks for achievement and the characteristics necessary for these. Once the study was completed, all printed-out and telephone contacts were shredded, along with deletion of correspondence. Criminalization was not supported by law enforcement or society and was perceived to be ineffective Weitzer, a.
Because confidence is pretty much everything.
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Independent escorting may be moving toward professionalization, away from the present stigmatized paradigm. Any other form of sex work is illegal. Quotes and ideas were organized around the larger subthemes, which gave rise to concepts such as resilience and confidence. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 20 escorts in Brisbane, Australia.
Obesity in men was argued to reduce the proportional size of genitals and caused nonmuscular breasts, and purportedly indicated lack of masculine control Logan, Although pricing in the escort environment was likely more complex Walby,Logan demonstrated that salary determinants existed in male independent escorting, possibly indicative of a shift toward a more liberalized occupational framework. Participants first spoke of the markers that defined success in escorting, followed by the attributes needed to attain these hallmarks of success.
This study explored job success, indicating that success in the field was well articulated, possibly highlighting that male independent escorting is becoming a professionalized occupation, with a shift away from current stigmatized understandings. Learn More.